How to Become an Astronomer

Astronomer adjusting machinery

Your Road to Becoming an Astronomer

If you want to become an astronomer, congratulations!

You have decided on a fascinating career path. But your interest and excitement alone will not get you there! It would help if you had the aptitude for it. You will need a solid foundation right from the school level.

Selecting your subjects in school

Astronomy is mostly based on physics, mathematics, and chemistry. So, an aspiring astronomer should have a good aptitude in these subjects.

Astronomy is a science that deals with a lot of extremes. It is about vast galaxies, massive celestial bodies but also deals with microscopic sub-atomic particles. If you find these concepts interesting, you are already on the right path.

In your A level, you will have to choose physics, mathematics, and chemistry. A solid foundation in physical sciences is mandatory for any aspiring astronomer.

An astronomer peers through a telescope in an observatory

At the university level

There are certain specific qualifications you should have for a career in astronomy. Your majors are essential. Once you have chosen an unrelated field, coming back to physics or astronomy will mostly be difficult. So, get into the field only if you are sure about your interest in explorative science.

The good thing about majoring in physics is – you may eventually decide not to become an astronomer. That would not affect you much. Physics majors will still be able to find well-paying jobs in academia, laboratories, and other such places. People with a degree in science are most likely to find well-paid jobs.

The skills you learn are useful for a variety of jobs. So you can safely choose not to get into hard-core astronomy in the future.

To become an astronomer, you need a degree in astronomy or physics. Many universities also combine the two sciences and offer a degree in – astrophysics.

Once you have an in-depth knowledge of physics and astronomy, you will understand how both of them are interrelated. Good knowledge of physics and mathematics will help you in reaching your goal.

Post University

Astronomy is a research-oriented field. One needs to have a significant amount of knowledge and experience. Therefore, it is common for astronomers to have multiple degrees. Most of them will go ahead and complete their doctoral studies, as well.

After your first college degree, you will have some clarity on the subject. You may then choose to do a P.hD where you can choose to specialize in one of the fields within astronomy.

Operator adjusting 6.5m optical mirror

Professional life

After earning your P.hD, you can start looking for jobs in your field. Astronomers work in universities, observatories, government agencies like NASA or ISRO. If you are not able to find employment within your country, you can look beyond the boundaries too.

Keep in mind that astronomy is a challenging field. The process of becoming an astronomer is quite lengthy. One needs to have perseverance. Only if you are determined enough, will you be able to last.

So choose your career path carefully. If you are already sure, we hope this article helped you understand how to become an astronomer.

While studying for this astounding profession, it won’t hurt to watch the night sky occasionally. Visit a website like ExoplanetScience and browse their selection of telescopes and start with stargazing like a real astronomer!

List of Teachers Who Married Their Student

Young teacher helping his student in chemistry class

Students crushing over their teachers is an everyday affair that most of us have gone through in our lives. This kind of feeling for your teacher is usually one-sided and ends after a brief period. But numerous people have taken things to the next level and have got married to their teachers. Instead, it’s the teachers who have married their students.

An affair between a teacher and student is often seen as a taboo. But that hasn’t stopped these couples from getting married. They are the real examples of the fact that age is just a number. In most cases, the age difference is huge, but it seems like the more the age gap, the more they fall in love.

Teacher/student relationship has always been a hot topic for society. It is such a massive thing among us that we even have movies showing the same. For many of us, this unusual relationship may appear to be a taboo, but for others, it’s more of reality than fantasy.

Speaking of teacher/student relationships, today, we are going to read about the teachers who married their students.

Teenage Students Sitting Examination With Teacher Invigilating

Teachers Marrying Students

So here is the list of infamous teachers who have tied the knot with their students.

1. Newt Gingrich and Jacqueline May Battley

Newt Gingrich is a known face in American Politics who got married to his school teacher. Ginrich, back in high school, was a student in Ms. Battley’s geometry class. It would help if you assumed that the age gap between the two is far apart, but no, they were separated by only seven years.

It was in 1962 when they took the life-changing decision of tying the knot together. Together they had two daughters, the first was born in 1963 and is named Kathy and the second is born in 1966 named Jackie.

But things did not end well for this couple as Ginrich was found having an affair with Marianne Ginther in 1980. Despite that Battley did not opt for divorce. It was in 1984 when Battley was recovering from her cancer treatments that she was slapped with a divorce from Ginrich. However, Ginrich’s efforts failed as Battley wouldn’t give in for the divorce.

Newt Gingrich is currently a member of the American Republican party, while Jackie Battley passed away in 2013 due to several health issues.

2. Mary Kay Letourneau and Vili Fualaau

When Vili Fualaau was just 12 years old, he crossed paths with Mary Kay Letourneau, who was a teacher in his sixth-grade class. Little did they know what life had in store for them? It was during the summer months when they started getting close to each other, which r eventually turned sexual.

Due to their 22 year age difference, Letourneau was charged with second-degree child rape. But while waiting for her sentence, she gave birth to his child. She was sentenced to serve six months in prison. She was later released on conditions that she will not see Faulaau again.

However, that was not enough two keep the two souls apart. Once she got out of prison, they rekindled their relationship. But fate again tore them apart as they got caught making out in the parking lot. She was sentenced to serve seven years of jail time. While in jail, she gave birth to their second child.

She was released in 2004 when Faulaau was a 21-year-old boy. He then took steps to remove her no-contact order and got married. They omitted themselves to raise their two daughters. In 2017, they faced a brief period of separation, but it was retracted soon.

A student having extra private one to one lesson tuition with a tutor

3. Matthew Shane Wester and Amy Nicole Cox

Matthew Shane Wester, a 38-year-old varsity coach and math teacher from Alabama, fell in love with a 17-year-old girl named Amy Nicole Cox while he was still married to his wife.

But Wester seems to be a lucky guy as his wife divorced him. Soon after, in 2015, when Cox turned 18, they tied the knot. Their marriage, as expected, was not seen in a good light by others. Many believed that it was just a step to prevent her from testifying the trial.

But later, it was known that Alabama law doesn’t provide any such protection and that their marriage is a genuine one. The case was later dismissed, and they remain married to this day.

4. Peter Abélard and Héloïse d’Argenteuil

The next story we have is of Peter Abélard, who was a French academic philosopher. He was very much interested in Héloïse d’Argenteuil, who was his student.
This 17-year-old girl and her teacher were relays close to each other.

They shared a very passionate relationship. They started connecting in the year 1116. But back then, times were callous, and they soon faced a lot of violence and opposition from their families and others.

This affected both their careers. To complicate things, even more, she got pregnant. They were determined to have the child, and therefore, they decided getting married. They arranged for a private ceremony and tied the knot.

The couple tried their best to build a family together. Despite all the backlash they were receiving, they decided to stick to each other. To save their relationship from the fury of her uncle, she went to a covenant to become a nun.

To others, it appeared as if Abélard sent her away to remove her from his life. But little did he know that a violent plan was put against him. They planned to enter his home and castrate him. In fear of saving himself from the humiliation, he moved to the St-Denis monastery, where he became a monk. He did things as they planned while they were together.

The tale of this couple is quite popular in European culture. They are not alive today, but their love letters are still there and are exhibited in multiple collections. Seven letters show the amount of love they had for each other, even when faced with such difficult challenges. However, the letters also show d’Argenteuil’s disagreement for marriage.

Teacher with students

Final Words

These stories sound nothing less than a script of a movie. It is hard to believe, but all these stories are true, and some of the couples are even alive today. While some marriages ended for good, others are still going on strong forever.

Many of this former teacher and student marriages are still holding together to this date. Some of them even celebrated their 10th or 20th wedding anniversary already. They bought gifts for these occasions on websites like Party Wedding. You can have a look at it yourself as well!

To these people, love was everything, while everything else didn’t matter to them. They hardly cared what the world thought about them. The society may treat them as taboo, but they stand as excellent examples of true love.

Best End of Year Teacher Gifts

Schoolgirl at a primary school presenting a gift to her female teacher in a classroom

No teacher will ever ask their students for a gift. Whether it be teachers’ day or end of the year, all they expect is some respect and love from the students.

Whatever you have learned so far is because of your teacher. Therefore, giving them something in return will be a nice gesture on your part. Show them that you care for them and appreciate the things they have taught you. The best way to show your gratitude towards your teacher is to give them a lovely gift.

There are many end of the year teacher gift ideas available out there. All you need to do is pick the one that you feel is the best for your teacher. To help you out, we have listed some of the best gift ideas for your teacher.

A few of these end of the year gift ideas came from a German website I visited a few weeks ago. It has quite a few exciting and, above all, unique gift ideas for children listed. You can visit them at, take a look when you have time.

A school boy surprising his teacher with an apple

Here is a list of gift ideas for teachers:

1. Coffee shop gift card

Almost every teacher loves to drink a nice cup of coffee. It is something with the teachers that they love coffee so much. But you can take advantage of this fact and gift them a coffee shop gift card. You can gift the gift card along with a note of appreciation. In case your teacher doesn’t drink coffee, then you can opt for some other gift card — for example, a shopping gift card.

2. Thank You note

Another great gift idea for teachers would be a Thank You note from you. This is the simplest yet the best gift you can give to your teacher. You should write the letter on your own and pen down all your feelings on the note.

In the end, you should thank your teacher for everything. If you are too young to write a thank, you note then you can draw some colorful pictures and show your gratitude towards your teacher.

3. Pen bouquet

You can also gift your teacher a bouquet of the pen. This type of bouquet will also last longer. Teachers are always in need of pens. Therefore, this could be the best gift idea for them. You can include pens in various colors, including red, black, and blue. You can then decorate the bouquet with a small note. This will surely put a smile on your teacher’s face.

4. Movie tickets

If you know that your teacher loves to watch movies, then you can gift them movie tickets. To make things more special, you can buy two or three extra tickets for his/her family as well so that your teacher doesn’t have to go to the movie hall alone.

By gifting movie tickets, you are offering a bit of relaxation to your teacher. They usually have a hectic life, and even a bit of relief is appreciated.

Female Pupil Giving Teacher End Of Term Gift

5. Fruit basket

You can wish good health to your teacher by gifting him/her with a basket full of fruits. Fill the basket with exotic fruits and even the ones that your teacher loves the most. Make sure that you get a cute basket before that.

Once you put all the fruits in the basket, you can pack it up with a cellophane paper and tie a ribbon on the top for that extra special touch. You can again put a thank you note here.

6. Artwork

Most teachers love beautiful artwork. They love items like wall hangings, paintings, and other such stuff. To put a small on their faces and to appreciate their efforts, you can get them a beautiful piece of art. This is a gift that they will use in their home. Every time they will see the artwork, it will remind them of you.

So these are some of the creative gift ideas, you can gift to your teacher. No matter what you give them, it’s the thought that counts.

What Degree Do You Need to Be a Teacher?

teacher at blackboard in classroom

We all have a teacher that has made a difference in our lives. It is because of this teacher that you are now inspired to become one yourself. But the route to becoming a teacher isn’t that easy as you may think it to be. You need to earn a degree, clear exams, and acquire a teaching license to enter a school to teach. Unless you meet these criteria, you cannot teach.

If you are someone who has decided to pursue your career as a teacher, then you should start preparing for it. In case you have less idea about the route or the degree to gain to become a teacher, then you are in the right place.

Teacher helping pupils with their tasks in class

Guide to Become a Teacher

Just like many other aspiring candidates, you, too, want to become a teacher. To accomplish your dreams, you must go through the following path.

1. Get a degree

The minimum qualification required to become a teacher is a bachelor’s degree. However, you have some choices depending on the amount of experience you need and the type of teacher you want to become.

  • Bachelor’s Degree: The first step to becoming a teacher is to get a bachelor’s degree. Most schools and colleges want to see your bachelor’s degree, including more specific programs. It would help if you got a bachelor’s degree done in the subject that you are passionate about teaching. A bachelor’s degree is good enough for teaching primary level and kindergarten kids. If you want to teach senior classes, then you need a higher degree than this.
  • Master’s Degree: If you have higher ambitions like teaching like college students or high school students, then getting a master’s degree is a must. Having a master’s degree means you can negotiate for a higher salary as well.

2. Get your teaching license

To start your teaching career, you need to get your teaching license. Unless you have acquired that you cannot apply for a teaching job, the requirements for a teaching license can be different for different states.

To get your license, you need to sit for a specific exam that will be conducted by the state. After you clear the exam, you can get your teaching license. Before your site for the exam, make sure that you check your state’s requirements.

Primary school teacher helping student

Alternative Routes to Becoming a Teacher

Some people decide to join the teacher much later in their lives. Some do it as their newfound passion, while others opt for it to switch jobs. In this case, you need to do the following:

  • Go through your state’s policies for alternative teaching certificates
  • The alternative certification must be approved in your state
  • You need to complete a residency or student teaching alongside a mentor teacher.
  • Sit for your state licensure exam.

However, these steps may vary depending on where you stay or your geographical location. Therefore, you are advised to do your research. This will help you to know the process better and in more detail.

Becoming a teacher can be easy if you have the dedication and passion for being one. It would help if you committed yourself to your students, and only then can you become an ideal teacher.

How to Become a Substitute Teacher?

diligent schoolkids and their teacher talking at lesson

A substitute teacher is one who is substituted in place of a full-time teacher. A substitute teacher is called an on-call teacher who fills up for a full-time teacher when they go on leave.

Substitutes are employed in the place of a full-time teacher only for a temporary period until they are back. However, a substitute can choose to work as a part-time teacher as well. They look for long-term openings to work.

If you want to become a substitute teacher but have no idea about the process, then you are in the place. In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about becoming a substitute teacher.

Substitute Teacher Requirements

The requirements of a substitute teacher differ from state to state. Different school districts have various conditions that are required to be fulfilled to become a substitute teacher.

A good substitute teacher is expected to take the responsibilities of a full-time teacher. In other words, they need to teach regular classes, attend staff meetings, teach full-time lessons, and also address the needs of the students.

Not just that, but a substitute teacher is also expected to take responsibility for non-classroom activities, whenever necessary. This includes parent-teacher meetings, keeping track of students’ progress, etc.

Student and teacher at geometry class


Becoming a Substitute Teacher

If you think that becoming a substitute teacher is a child’s play, then you are entirely wrong about it. It requires the same amount of effort as you would have put in any other job. To become a substitute teacher, you need first to complete a few essential steps.

Here are the steps that you need to complete to achieve your dreams:

  1. Earn a high school diploma
  2. Get an undergraduate degree
  3. Meet other requirements for substitute teachers in your state or district
  4. Apply for a position as a substitute teacher in a school in your district

As already mentioned above, the requirements to become a substitute teacher is dependent on the state or district you belong to. It may vary from state to state. Not just that, but even schools have their requirements that need to be fulfilled to get employed.

This is why you are advised to do some research on your state requirement before jumping into it. Also, do the same for the school that you intend to teach.

Earn a High School Diploma

One of the very first steps to become a substitute teacher is to earn a high school diploma. In many states and districts, it is the minimum qualification that is required to apply for the position of substitute teacher.

However, in other states or districts, you need to have a bachelor’s degree to be eligible to become a substitute teacher. You can get a bachelor’s degree in any subject you want. Without a bachelor’s degree, you can, however, apply for the position of substitute teacher assistant.

Get an Undergraduate Degree

If you want to aim higher in this field, then you need to have a higher degree. This will help you to increase the potential of your job as a substitute teacher. In this case, you should complete your undergraduate degree program.

  • In some districts, an associate’s degree is the minimum qualification required for applying for a substitute teaching job.
  • Other districts may provide long-term substitute teaching licenses to those who have a bachelor’s degree. They may even pay you a higher salary.

The definition of long-term and short-term is dependent on your district or state. This denotes the number of days a substitute teacher can spend in a single classroom.

  • If you want to apply for a long-term substitute teaching job, then you have to fulfill additional requirements. For example, it can be a specific degree or a specified number of credit hours in the subject you want to teach.
  • If your state requires you to have a substitute teaching license, your bachelor’s degree may be a co-requisite.

In short, the higher the degree you have, the more job opportunities you get. It will also help you to get more long-term assignments and a high pay salary.

Elementary school teacher with students

Apply for a Substitute Teacher Position in Your District

You need to have a good idea of the process of applying for the position of a substitute teacher in your district or state. Again, this process may differ from state to state. However, you can find out the details from the website of your school district.

Your application process may include creating an online account on the official portal. You need to follow all the instructions carefully to avoid any mistake. Not just that, but you also need to be prepared with everything that you need to submit along with your application. This may include references, training confirmation, transcripts, fingerprint cards, and a few other documents.

Because substitute teaching is an on-call job role, you need to apply for more than one substitute teacher position in your district. If you apply for just one position, you mean never get it. Therefore, you need to expand your options. Once your application is approved, you can then join as a substitute teacher in the school, and you applied for it.

Now that you know the steps to become a substitute teacher, it should be easier for you to follow the process. It will help if you put in all your hard work to become a successful substitute teacher.

Just like any other career, even this job role is an important one, and therefore, you should not take it for granted.